National press ABCs: Circulations down by fifth compared to before first UK lockdown

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Paid-for national newspaper circulations have fallen by almost a fifth (18%) on average since just before the first Covid-19 lockdown.

The final year-on-year comparison with pre-Covid ABC newspaper circulations shows the biggest declines have been at the i and Financial Times, which are both down by about a third to 143,204 and 100,781 respectively.

They are the only two paid-for ABC-audited titles continuing to distribute bulk copies to public locations such as airports. Excluding bulks, the FT’s circulation fell by 35% year-on-year and the i’s fell by 18%.

The smallest, and only single-digit, declines were at the Mail on Sunday and Observer which both saw their circulation fall by 9% in the past year to 867,077 and 142,277 respectively in March 2021.

ABC’s March 2020 report spanned 2 to 22 March, stopping before the first lockdown came into place – although many people began working from home and curtailing social gatherings from about a week earlier.

The Evening Standard’s free circulation is down by 29% to 494,364 compared to March last year. The newspaper’s chief executive Charles Yardley told Press Gazette this month he remains committed to print but will not raise the distribution back to pre-pandemic levels.

Free rival Metro has dropped its distribution by half to 695,444. It initially dropped by 70% in April last year and rose to a

The biggest-selling issue of a UK national newspaper remains the Daily Mail’s Saturday issue, which sold an average 1,588,164 copies each week last month compared to 1,699,891 in March last year.

Scroll down for new graphs charting the ups and downs of the UK national press in the past 20 years – with a spotlight on how Covid-19 affected circulations in the past year.

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National newsbrand circulations in March 2021 (ABC) with monthly and yearly changes – this page will be updated monthly:

The column for bulks refers to copies which are circulated for free at venues such as airports and hotels.

The above figures do not include the Sun, Times and Telegraph titles which have all chosen to keep their ABC circulations private since the start of 2020.

The last ABC figures we have for these titles are as follows:

  • The Sun: 1,210,915 (March 2020)
  • The Sun on Sunday: 1,013,777 (March 2020)
  • The Sunday Times: 647,622 (March 2020)
  • Daily Telegraph: 317,817 (December 2019)
  • Sunday Telegraph: 248,288 (December 2019).
2020/21 in focus

These charts show the steep effect the first Covid-19 national lockdown, announced on 23 March, had on the UK’s national newspapers – and the slow recovery ever since.

The free daily Metro was by far the hardest hit as commuters disappeared from train stations and other key locations almost overnight. Circulation had started to bounce back as publisher DMGT begun to ramp up distribution again, but the title faced a small slump in circulation in November and a larger one again in January – coinciding with the start of England’s second and third lockdowns.

Most paid-for titles have seen similar trends in both the effect of Covid-19 and the slow pace of recovery since April.


We have also charted the longer-term change in ABC circulation over the past 20 years across the UK press.

These charts show the extent of the print decline from The Sun reaching 3.76m in 2000 and the Sun on Sunday’s launch in February 2012 with a short-lived 3.21m before dropping to just above 2m.

Meanwhile, though the Daily Mirror and Daily Mail once were competitive in print reach at around 2.3m-2.4m in 2000, the Mail now has a circulation three times the size of its former rival.

The Sunday tabloids all saw a spike in 2011 after the closure of the News of the World but few retained the readers – the Sunday People and Sunday Mirror did best at doing so, but largely lost them when the Sun on Sunday launched.

These charts will be updated each month to include the latest figures.

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February 2021

The Observer reported the smallest drop in print circulation among UK national newspapers in February – but this was still down by 9% on the year before.

The Observer, which had an average circulation of 140,920, was the only newspaper not to see a double-digit drop. The next smallest decline was the Mail on Sunday, which fell by 12% to 848,526.

Sister title the Daily Mail was the only publication to see month-on-month growth from January, up 1% to 964,825. It was 15% behind the 1,134,184 it had in February 2020 before the Covid-19 pandemic hit the UK.

However, the Daily Mail’s digital edition grew its average circulation by 4% from 94,171 in January to 98,107.

[Read more: See latest online audience data published by Pamco here]

In February free titles Metro and Evening Standard distributed 58% and 38% fewer copies respectively compared to the year before. Both are continuing to publish for key worker commuters although most people remain under a “stay at home” order, with the Standard also delivering to doorsteps in certain parts of London.

The biggest paid-for circulation drops in February were at the Financial Times (down 36%) and i (35%), the only two ABC-audited titles continuing to distribute bulk copies to public locations such as airports.

Excluding bulks, the FT was down 40% and the i was down 18% – taking it below the Daily Star’s 20% decline.

January 2021

The UK’s current coronavirus lockdown has not hit national newspaper circulations as hard as last year’s strict April restrictions did, according to new figures from ABC.

However, most titles are now again below the circulation levels to which they had begun to recover in May last year.

The Daily Mail’s print circulation has fallen to its lowest since the peak of the Covid-19 crisis in April.

The UK’s top-selling newspaper sold an average of 960,019 copies each day in January, an 18% drop year-on-year. In April it reported a circulation of 944,981, which grew to 979,836 in May.

The Mail overtook The Sun in May 2020 and Press Gazette understands it has since consolidated its lead.

Digital edition sales add a further 77,736 to the Mail’s daily circulation figure, according to ABC – keeping it above 1m.

In March last year, before the first UK lockdown, the Mail was selling in excess of 1.1m copies per day.

Also below their May 2020 circulations were the Mail on Sunday, Daily Mirror, Sunday Mirror, Daily Express, Daily Star, Sunday Express, Daily Star on Sunday, Sunday People, and the Guardian.

Only the Observer, i and Financial Times were above their May figures from last year in January.

Several national newspapers saw bigger year-on-year drops in January than the Mail: the FT’s circulation fell by 39%, the i by 35%, the Sunday Post by 22%, the Daily Star by 21%, the Daily Express by 19% and the Daily Mirror by 19%.

The smallest year-on-year drop was at the Observer, which saw a decline of 8% to a circulation of 143,764.

The biggest month-on-month fall from December was also at the FT (down by 8% to 97,067) followed by the Daily Star Sunday, i and Guardian which were all down by 5%.

The only title to report any growth was Scottish tabloid the Sunday Mail, which was up 1% month-on-month to 88,819.

Metro and the Evening Standard, which had their free commuter distribution models hit by the Covid-19 lockdowns, were down 58% and 39% respectively year on year in January.

December 2020

The Mail on Sunday reported the smallest drop in print circulation in December – but this was still down by 9% on the year before.

It had an average circulation of 954,497 in December 2019, down to 865,439 last month. It was the only newspaper not to see a double-digit year-on-year decline, with the Observer the second smallest drop (by 10% to 147,296).

The Financial Times saw its print circulation fall by more than a third (35%) year-on-year to 105,358 – the biggest fall among the UK’s paid-for national newspapers.

However, the FT did grow by 1% month-on-month as it continues to recover from the initial Covid-19 lockdown slump common to each of the titles.

The Guardian saw the biggest month-on-month growth of 2% in December.

The biggest fall from November 2020 was at the Sunday People, down 5% to 120,429.

Wales went into lockdown on 20 December while Scotland and Northern Ireland were placed under tight restrictions from Boxing Day and much of London and the south east of England entered strict Tier 4 restrictions days before Christmas.

Metro and the Evening Standard, which had their free commuter distribution models hit by the Covid-19 lockdowns, were still 45% and 38% down respectively on the previous year’s print readership.

November 2020

Several national newsbrands managed a month on month increase in print circulation in November, with The Observer seeing the biggest rise at 4%.

The Observer’s print circulation rose from 145,680 to 152,129 having remained steady in the previous month.

The Sunday Express, the Sunday People and the Guardian also saw print sales rise 1%, after seeing declines between September and October

The Observer saw the smallest year-on-year decline at 5%. It was the only title not to report a double-digit year-on-year fall.

The Financial Times had the biggest paid-for decline (36% to 104,024) followed by the i (31% to 151,888).

Metro and the Evening Standard, which had their free commuter distribution models hit by the Covid-19 lockdowns, were still 46% and 40% down on the previous year’s print readership.

October 2020

The Observer was the only national print newspaper brand not to see a year on year print circulation decline in October.

The Observer’s print readership remained steady on 145,680 as every other title except the Mail on Sunday, which fell by 9%, reported a double-digit year-on-year decline.

The Financial Times had the biggest paid-for decline (39% to 105,592) followed by the i (31% to 151,888).

Metro and the Evening Standard, which had their free commuter distribution models hit by the Covid-19 lockdowns, were still 45% and 39% down on the previous year’s print readership – although Metro managed to add a fifth back onto its output in October.



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4 thoughts on “National press ABCs: Circulations down by fifth compared to before first UK lockdown”

  1. The graph ‘UK daily newspaper average circulation per issue by month, year to date (m)’ is wrong according to The Press Gazetttes own published contemperaneous ABC figures. The Guardians circulation dropped to 106,000 in April and has never risen above 113,00 since. In July the graph shows the circulation back up to 130,000 when the published figure was 110,438

  2. Dear Mr Johnson,

    Re: Covid 19 Pandemic Restrictions – Nuremburg Code
    I look to you as someone who represents me as Prime Minister, a Public Servant and Member of Parliament in the current Government.

    I am writing to you as a genuinely concerned UK British Citizen and for we the People of Great Britain, of the actions that this UK Government has been taking since the announcement of the COVID-19 Pandemic in March 2020.

    There is a rapidly growing awareness by the public that lockdowns have little to nothing to do with a virus, but more to do with destroying small businesses and breaking the spirit of the British people by increasing compliance and control and collapsing our once free society into the hands of an unelected power. This is also blatantly evident by the heavily biased and one-sided reporting in the media and heavy-handed tactics now being employed by the police.

    We demand Action, as a servant to us.

    We demand Honesty, as a servant to us.

    We demand an immediate cessation of the Trials of the Experimental Genetic engineering injection programme.

    We demand scientific proof of everything that has unfolded over the past year.

    We demand immediate cessation of the flawed PCR tests and closing of these testing centres.

    We also demand reparation for the damage caused to small businesses and livelihoods as a result of the lockdowns and everything that has gone on including all medical injury, all deaths and all damages which have been created by this Government and all of the official agencies who have gone along with it. Simply ‘Following Orders’ is not an excuse!

    We also demand the immediate reinstatement of Doctors, nurses, health staff and scientists who have lost their jobs as a result of their whistleblowing of the true facts or at the very least put in place plans of compensation for such loss.

    We also demand that you take questions from and listen to a wider spectrum of opposing expert views of those who are much more qualified than You or I, rather than restrict public voices to only those who quite possibly hold ‘Conflicts of Interest’ and therefore could be hindered in making objective decisions for the good of everyone.

    I am holding you personally culpable and liable along with your team of advisors and supporters of the current restrictions and along with any future restrictive and oppressive plans in place as I passionately believe that the actions of this Government are in breach of the Nuremberg Code, as those being enticed to take part in the Experimental Genetic Engineering Programme are not being formally informed of the fact that this is experimental and of the possible risks and side effects, including death. To inform formally and fully, each and every person correctly and answer any of their concerns including ascertaining whether they then consent, should take at least 10 minutes per person.

    We demand the immediate cessation of the current lockdown and the opening of ALL businesses forthwith.

    We demand the immediate cessation of the mandatory need to wear masks, except for those who are vulnerable or have underlying health problems.

    We demand the immediate cessation to social distancing.

    We demand the immediate cessation to ‘bubbles’.

    We demand the cessation of all travel restrictions including the planned hotel isolation on arrival into the UK.

    The current actions that this Government has been taking, rather than saving lives, are in fact contributing to increased deaths far more than this virus could ever do, as health treatments and medical operations are put on hold or cancelled, domestic abuse and suicides have and are increasing.

    It is time to stop this mantra ‘Stay Home, Save Lives’ as this is actually the opposite of what is happening.

    I do believe that I am not alone and speak for several million people who feel that they don’t have a voice or do not know how to respond against the decisions that the Government has been making for nearly 11 months.

    Many eminent lawyers in the UK, Europe and the USA are already in the process of preparing legal cases considering the charges of Fraud and Genocide amongst others, against not only Governments, but also leading figures in those Governments and official Agencies which may well result in Nuremburg Trials of the 21st Century. I repeat again ‘Following Orders’ is no justification in Law.

    I am also sending similar letters to my MP Laura Farris, The Health Secretary Matt Hancock, Chief Executive of National Health Service Sir Simon Stevens, Chief Operating Officer National Health Service Amanda Pritchard and Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency Dr June Raine CBE.

    I look forward to your early response.

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