The BBC has been told it "must not expect to receive others’ news content without providing something in return".
The Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee said today that the corporation should develop a "more symbiotic" relationship with local media across the UK.
The committee accused the BBC Trust – which it said should be abolished – of demonstrating a "disregard for the health of local journalism" when its 2013 review of BBC Online called for the corporation to make its sites more local.
How have your newspaper consumption habits changed during the pandemic/lockdown, and do you think this will last?
- I read more news digitally than in print now, and expect this to continue (48%, 179 Votes)
- No change (29%, 107 Votes)
- I read more news in print than digitally now, and expect this to continue (14%, 52 Votes)
- I read more news digitally than in print now, but do not expect this to continue (6%, 24 Votes)
- I read more news in print than digitally now, but do not expect this to continue (3%, 10 Votes)
Total Voters: 372
The latest Future of the BBC Report noted that regional commercial outlets have "two principal concerns" with the BBC: "First, they find that the scale of BBC investment in its regional websites is too high and that this is thwarting their efforts to build digital audiences.
"Second that the BBC takes stories from them without properly attributing the content or linking a news item to the media website from where the story originated."
The report also noted that local TV stations, 30 of which have been awarded licences for Ofcom and 15 of which have gone live, "do not appear to have had any significant impact among audiences nor have they made a meaningful contribution to the provision of local news and content and as such their viability remains in doubt".
The committee, chaired by Tory MP John Whittingdale, said: "The BBC as the dominant partner must always be mindful of the effect of its activities on regional media groups and their ability to turn a profit, given the greater certainty resulting from its publicly-funded position.
"The BBC Trust’s conclusions from its 2013 review of BBC Online, where it called on the BBC management to make sites more local, demonstrated a disregard for the health of local journalism."
It added: "Whilst the BBC appears to make the right gestures in supporting local and regional media organisations in the run-up to Charter Reviews, we believe more definite commitments in respect of its interactions with the press must be codified into any future Charter framework.
"The BBC must not expect to receive others’ news content without providing something in return.
"We are attracted by the idea of exchanges of content and information, where the BBC local websites link to the source of local material they have used, and in return the BBC allows others to use its content and embed BBC clips on their sites, where these would be of local interest, under a licence agreement. There need not be a financial transaction.
"However, we also see the case for the BBC outsourcing the supply of some local content on a commercial basis, where there is an ongoing requirement for such material, and it is a more cost-effective way of meeting this need.
"We recommend this be ensured by extending the BBC’s independent production quota to cover local news."
Elsewhere, the 166-page report said that the licence fee is becoming "harder and harder to justify".
The committee recommended an end to "anachronistic" criminal penalties for non-payment of the licence fee, saying non-payment should be pursued through civil courts.
It said in the short-term there was no better alternative to the licence fee, currently set at £145.50, but that a German-style levy on all households, regardless of whether or not people watched live television, was its "preferred alternative".
As a minimum, it said the licence fee – which was not currently required to watch iPlayer – must be amended to cover "catch-up television as soon as possible".
The report said: "We believe that the forthcoming round of charter review should not rush profound changes such as the abolition of the licence fee model but the BBC must prepare for the possibility of a change in the 2020s.
"We recommend that as a minimum the licence fee must be amended to cover catch-up television as soon as possible."
The report said "public trust in the BBC dipped" as a result of recent controversies including "excessive severance payments" which saw George Entwistle receive £450,000 despite only 54 days as director general, the £100m failed Digital Media Initiative, the Jimmy Savile scandal and a Newsnight investigation that led to the late Lord McAlpine being wrongly accused of child abuse.
Committee chair John Whittingdale said the BBC had "suffered from a succession of disasters of its own making" over recent years but it "remains a widely admired and trusted institution".
He said: "In the short-term, there appears to be no realistic alternative to the licence fee, but that model is becoming harder and harder to justify and sustain."
He added: "The BBC has tried for too long to be all things to all people – with the rapid changes in communication and media technology and markets and changing audience needs and behaviours, this no longer works."
He said the trust "has failed to meet expectations and should be abolished" saying it was "too close" to the BBC and blurred "accountability".
The committee praised the broadcaster for making savings without denting audience appreciation of its services, but said it needed to be "bold and upfront" about further cuts and it "should aim to be a better, more transparent, self-critic."
It also recommended watchdog Ofcom become the final arbiter of complaints over BBC content.
A BBC spokesman said: "This report confirms the importance of the BBC in national life and recommends maintaining and modernising the licence fee, something we have said is necessary.
"We're grateful to the committee for endorsing our record for efficiency and maintaining the quality of programmes and services, and note members overwhelmingly voted against moving to a subscription funding model."
But Professor Steven Barnett, who gave evidence to the committee, criticised the report, saying that the recommendations would damage the BBC.
He criticised the recommendation for an independent Public Service Broadcasting Commission (PSBC) to replace the BBC Trust, assess BBC performance, determine the level of public funding allocated to the BBC and withhold funding as an "ultimate sanction".
"The ultimate aim of this report appears to be a smaller, poorer, less publicly attunedBBC which will simply be filling in the spaces left by commercial competitors, rather than a thriving and dynamic institution which serves its audiences and operates in the public interest.
"It seems to be aimed more at appeasing the BBC's competitors than promoting the interests of consumers and citizens," the professor of communications at the University of Westminster said.
A BBC Trust spokeswoman said: "This report highlights a number of issues and challenges that the Trust recognises and that we are seeking to address, and we agree that there must be robust internal governance and independent regulatory oversight of the BBC.
"Charter Review will be when this and other issues are debated thoroughly, but we welcome this thoughtful and considered early contribution.
"In the meantime, the Trust will continue to argue for a BBC that delivers accurate, independent and high- quality content that provides something for everyone, underpinned by a universal funding model."
BBC director of strategy James Purnell said the corporation welcomed the report.
"We think some kind of universal fee like the licence fee is the right way of funding the BBC," he said.
"We have said for a long time that it should modernised.
"We actually put a different proposal. At the moment you have to pay the licence fee if you watch live on any device, but if you are watching catch-up on your tablet for example, that is all you ever watch, you don't have to pay the licence fee.
"Our proposal is that that should be closed through legislation. This is another proposal, I think a new one."
Purnell told BBC Radio 4's Today programme the licence fee was good value and the existing arrangements should be built on.
"Because we all pay the licence fee, we actually pay less than if it was a subscription system, and we get great programmes and we get the system that we have in the UK … the system works really, really well," he said.
Shadow culture secretary Harriet Harman said: "We welcome the report as a contribution to an important debate.
"The BBC is an institution of enormous importance. It is loved in this country and admired around the world.
"Labour supports a strong, independent BBC funded by the licence fee. It remains one of our most trusted and respected organisations at home and abroad and the mixed economy of commercial and public service broadcasters working alongside one another has served the UK well.
"As new technology brings great change, the BBC needs constantly to strive to provide better value for licence fee-payers. The committee has laid out some of the key issues that should be considered as part of the charter renewal process."
Hours before the publication of the report, the chair of the Public Accounts Committee Margaret Hodge used a hearing about the BBC's buildings to highlight "question marks" about the role of Rona Fairhead as chair of the BBC Trust after allegations HSBC's Swiss branch helped wealthy customers dodge tax.
Fairhead – a member of the bank's board since 2004 – took over at the trust after Lord Patten stood down last year.
Hodge said: "There are clearly question marks arising about her role", adding that the HSBC allegations "raise issues that somebody should be looking at" at the BBC.